Download scientific diagram | Cecropia pachystachya Trécul (Urticaceae) in South-Pantanal, Brazil, with a nest of Nasutitermes ephratae Rambur ( Termitideae). Image of Cecropia pachystachya. Cecropia catarinensis Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA Distribution and Ecology of Cecropia species in Singapore. Fig. 2. Cecropia pachystachya sapling, showing large, almost circular palmate.

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Hypoglycemic effects of Cecropia pachystachya in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic rats.

Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia. Readable yet also very detailed. If you would like to support this site, please consider Donating. Berg and Rosselli stated that decoctions of leaves are made to stimulate the cardiac system, to treat asthma and pneumonia, to treat diabetes and as a diuretic.

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Retrieved from ” https: Pourouma bicolor is very similar in appearance to the Cecropiawith its umbrella-shaped leaves, stilt roots, large leaves with wide lobes, and whitish color on the underside. The topical anti-inflammatory activity was evaluated using the mouse models of acute ear inflammation induced by croton oil, arachidonic acid, capsaicin, EPP, phenol, and chronic inflammation induced by multiple application of croton oil.

The topical anti-inflammatory activity of CPM could be based on its antioxidant properties, although other effects are probably involved, including COX inhibition and other mechanisms. The hypoglycemic effect of the extract was tested in normal, glucose loading and alloxan-induced diabetic rats. Their abundance increases temporarily with the clearing of forest or creation of gaps.

So far, there are no pharmaceuticals in the North or South American markets based on Cecropia species. The main ants found living in Cecropia are different species of Azteca ants, although all ants belong to the same family, Formicidae.


Common local names include yarumo or yagrumoor more specifically yagrumo hembra “female yagrumo ” to distinguish them from the similar-looking but distantly related Schefflera which are called yagrumo macho”male yagrumo “.

Cecropia pachystachya – Wikispecies

The classification can be subjective; there are many different viewpoints on how to classify Cecropia due to the many changes over the years. Cecropia species has staminate and pistillate flowers on separate trees, more commonly referred to as a dioecious species.

Cecropia glauca Rojas Cecropia lyratiloba Miq.

Species growing near rivers, on the other hand, are usually dispersed by water. The main human-use of Cecropia trees is planting them in soil erosion prone areas. This page was last edited on 17 Novembercecropiz The following are two examples with the second generally more accepted. The seeds are not normally digested and thus these animals are important in distributing the trees.

The genus is native to the American tropics, where it is one of the most recognizable components of the rainforest. vecropia

Kuntze Ambaiba cinerea Miq. This section does not cite any sources. For other uses, see Cecropia disambiguation. The contents of orientin, isoorientin, and chlorogenic acid were In English, these trees are occasionally called pumpwoods though this may also refer to C.

Species in the genus Cecropia are some of the most abundant pioneer tree species in natural tree fall gaps inside primary forests. Between forty and fifty percent of the 61 species of Cecropia are montane or submontane Andean, with the majority of species in the northern part of the Andes, in Colombia and Ecuador.


Being aggressive, rapid growth trees, whose succulent fruits are readily sought by various animals, they tend to be among the first pioneer species to occupy former forest areas cleared for pasture or altered by human activity. Myrmecophytism is a mutualistic relationship formed with ant colonies, where the ants protect the tree from herbivory and the trees provide shelter and food for the ants.

Now containing plants. Kuntze Ambaiba carbonaria Miq.

The leaves and buds are also eaten by sloths as their main source of food. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cecropia.

Pacnystachya total amount of phenolic and flavonoids compounds was determined by Folin-Denis and AlCl 3 reagent method, respectively. It is often the keystone food supply for frugivorous animals, such as birds, fruit bats, monkeys, opossums, and even fish. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Kuntze Ambaiba cyrtostachya Miq. Ants and Cecropia have coadapted to each other; meaning that each species has evolved one or more traits in response to selective pressures exerted by the other.

Wind pollination is the dominant form, but insects, small beetles and flies can be pollinators. The trees consist of very few branches, usually with candelabrum-like branching system. Parts of the Cecropia pachysttachya as the stipules, the spathes, and the main veins of the lamina have red-coloring substances.

The wood from Cecropia trees is used by local people mainly to make musical instruments and tool handles.